Commoners are welcome to sign up for a free one-hour session on ELM, hosted by the Foundation for Common Land and Federation of Cumbrian Commoners.

The webinar will cover:

• Latest Updates on ELM and Common Land – what is Defra saying about ELM & how it affects Common Land?
• The transitional arrangements – current schemes, pilots and the SFI
• Help Shape the Future – Defra Test & Trial on Commons FCL and Federation of Cumbria Commoners are working with the Defra Family and Commoners on eight sites to test and trial a delivery model for ELM. Hear how they are progressing.

Speakers will include Julia Aglionby (FCL), Viv Lewis (FCC) and Joanna Swiers (FCL) and there will be an opportunity to ask questions.

Monday 14th December 2020
7.30 – 8.30pm via Zoom
All Welcome: To Register for a free place go to Webinar Registration – Zoom

DEFRA ELMS Test and Trial – A Commons Delivery Model

• Do you have a good understanding of Commoning, farm support schemes and rural issues in the New Forest?
• Are you a self-motivated, confident communicator?
• Can you take an independent and unbiased view of Commoning in the New Forest?
• Would you like to contribute to the development of a proposed delivery model for ELMs on Commons?

If this sounds like you and you’re available for a short term contract in the Spring of 2021 we’d love to hear from you.

The New Forest is one of eight areas that this Test and Trial will be focusing on and we’re contracting local facilitators in each area to support the work. The Terms of Reference for this contract is below. The New Forest is going to be involved in Phase 2.

Please get in touch with joanna@foundationforcommonland.org.uk for more information / an informal chat.

Terms of reference for Local Facilitators

Background

In March 2020 the Foundation for Common Land (FCL) and Federation of Cumbria Commoners were awarded a contract with DEFRA to undertake one of 46 Tests and Trials (T and T) that are currently being completed to inform the development of a new Environmental Land Management Scheme (ELMs) in England.
The Commons T and T will work with a range of stakeholders from a mix of Commons to jointly develop, test, refine and trial a delivery model for ELMs on Commons.
This delivery model will be a concise, replicable ‘prototype’ focused on a Commons Management Plan, and Commons toolkit. The toolkit will provide guidance on tasks such as baseline data gathering, producing maps, health checks for public goods and how to develop Commons Management plans. It will include what needs to be put in place to deliver the management plans – such as model agreements between all parties.
Eight Commons are being selected to work with, using a set of criteria that aims to cover the range of landscapes, governance arrangements, farming types and conservation issues that are demonstrated on Commons.
The T and T will be split into two phases – Phase 1 will focus on jointly designing and initially testing a delivery model including the Commons toolkit and Management Plan. Phase two will trial this model and refine it where needed.
A network for the facilitation team encompassing all eight local facilitators will be established with regular opportunities for collaboration, networking and sharing learning.

Phase 1 Objective

The objective for each Local Facilitator in Phase 1 is to:
Work at a local level to test a draft Commons delivery model, provide feedback and share learning

Phase 1 Specific Tasks

Supported by the local Advisory Group and T and T facilitator, work with a specific Common to
• Test a draft Commons toolkit with guidance for tasks such as baseline data gathering, producing maps and health checks for public goods
• Develop baseline maps for public goods describing their current health and agree on improvements, enhancements and maintenance of these goods within the 10 year ELMS period
• Draft a Commons Management Plan for the Common setting out actions and objectives to complete in the 10 year time frame
• Provide and share feedback on what has worked well and what hasn’t, identify omissions and suggest areas for improvement.

Phase 2 Objective

The objective for each Local Facilitator in Phase 2 is to:
Work at a local level and take the learning from Phase 1 to trial and refine a draft Commons delivery model

Specific Tasks – Phase 2

Supported by the local Advisory Group and T and T facilitator, work with a selected Common to
• Trial a revised Commons toolkit with guidance for tasks such as baseline data gathering, producing maps and health checks for public goods
• Use the revised guidance to develop baseline public good maps and a 10 year time frame for improvements, enhancement and maintenance for public goods on the Common
• Draft a Commons Management Plan for the Common using the refined model from Phase 1
• Provide feedback on user friendliness and the practicalities of using the refined delivery model

Skills and Experience required

• Good knowledge and understanding of extensive livestock farming / commoning, farm support schemes and rural issues
• Established local networks with relevant organisations and relationships with farmers and local communities
• Able to take an independent and unbiased view of Commoning in the T and T area
• Confident communicator able to engage with wide range of individuals and organisations and be empathetic to their views
• Good listening skills with experience of recording meetings and workshops and providing constructive feedback
• Self-motivated, well organised, able to prioritise work and meet deadlines.

Timing and costs

Phase 1 – September 2020 to February 2021
Phase 2 – February 2021 to August 2021
12 days input per facilitator @£250 per day
A budget for travel costs / venue hire and meeting costs will also be available

Management and Reporting

Each local facilitator will report to the T and T facilitator.

By Lyndsey Stride

Whilst all the ponies on the New Forest are owned, most are unhandled and cannot be easily caught. Commoners are highly skilled in handling these semi-feral ponies. Some ponies come in on the organised autumn round ups, known as drifts, however many parts of the Forest do not have a local drift and even where there has been a drift, ponies often evade capture. This year, because of coronavirus, drifts were only held in the areas where a stallion ran in 2019. There are many ponies remaining on the Forest which still need catching, particularly mares and foals, old or young ponies which need to come in for the winter. 

At this time of year commoners are particularly keen to catch their ‘colts’ – all foals, whether male or female, are referred to as colts here in the New Forest. For a Forest mare, overwintering a foal is hard work and many commoners prefer to bring the mare and foal in to run the smallholding together or to wean the foal. This is where the foal will learn to eat hay, wear a halter, stand quietly to be groomed and to feed and drink from a bucket.

Commoners will often ride out in small groups to catch individual ponies; this is known as colt hunting and requires skill. Commoners will ride out quietly to identify the ponies which need catching, closing gates to inclosures and underpasses to prevent the ponies from escaping on their way. It is critical that gates are always left as you find them in the New Forest other than those which open on to the fenced roads which should always remain closed. Some pounds are located on main tracks and paths. The pound at Backley is one such pound. Please, please, if a pound has been set up with a gate closed, leave it exactly as you found it.

Sometimes things go to plan, sometimes they don’t.

Once located, a plan will be made… Sometimes they will drive a group of ponies together or may separate out a mare and foal or an individual pony. Commoners know the Forest extremely well; they know the best places to catch ponies and where the ponies will try to evade them. Commoners often call loudly, known as ‘hollering,’ to push the ponies on in front of them or to drive them out of the woods. Each commoner has their own ‘holler’ and it often changes when ponies start to get away. Those commoners left waiting at the pound to shut the gate always know when it is going badly by the urgency of the hollering. Whilst it may sound wild, the hollering is a bluff, making the ponies think that there are several riders rather than only one or two. Commoners always need a plan B and a plan C, D and E! There are usually several options of where to drive a pony to catch it.

People are often concerned that herds are split up by colt hunters, but ponies will always find their way back to their friends and family members. Often when they are pushed out of their area, they are easier to catch as they are less familiar with their surroundings. Ponies can be caught a day or so after a round up or drift as they make their way back to their haunt, spotted by eagle-eyed commoners who pass them in the road or spot them whilst out riding. The Forest ponies enjoy a good gallop and know that autumn is drifting season. At this time of year, their heads go up and their tails lift whenever a rider approaches; as flight animals they are always on guard.

New Forest ponies

The ponies play a critical role in managing the precious habitats of the New Forest.

There are good days and bad days for the colt hunter and sometimes they return home empty handed. It is of vital importance that Forest ponies remain wild. Unhandled ponies tend to favour the more remote areas of the Forest and will avoid people, which is vital for their conservation grazing role.

In days gone by, commoners had many places to catch ponies, as most smallholdings were owned by commoners and had a pound or lane to catch ponies in. However, many smallholdings have been sold away from commoning, while others were fenced out of the open Forest when it was fenced and gridded. Few people understand what a massive loss this has been to the Forest and how it has impacted on commoners’ ability to catch their ponies. Instead commoners are reliant on driving their ponies to the wooden pounds located across the Forest. Some of these are in quite remote locations away from the roads. Family members are often posted in key places, perhaps a road crossing, a gap in a fence or at the pound. These long-suffering walkers will often wait for a couple of hours without seeing a pony. They will then get a call from a tired colt hunter requesting the truck and trailer be brought to load a pony at a pound which was miles away – the pony having taken them in the opposite direction to the one planned.

Sometimes things go to plan, sometimes they don’t. There is nothing more frustrating than reaching the access gate to the pound only to find that someone has parked in the gateway.

Beware fast moving ponies and riders

There are other ways to catch ponies and the quiet, easy way is always the best option. We have a cattle barn at the end of a long track and we always leave our gate open when we are working there in the hope that it will draw the ponies in to graze the verges of the track. Many a pony has unwittingly given themselves up this way!

In the summer when ponies are quieter, they can be caught in the shades with a rope on a long stick or dangled from a tree, but these methods are used by just a handful of very skilled traditional commoners now. In winter, some commoners will use hay and a hungry pony will follow down a driftway or a road and are captured – this method takes patience and time. Each day the pony trusts the commoner just that little bit more. Some commoners will spend days leaving a bit of hay for the pony to eat until one day it is in just the right place to be caught.

Commoners have day jobs and their children are in school on weekdays. They carry out their commoning activities in the evenings and at weekends when all members of the family are free to help. It is critical that all Forest users recognise that they can meet fast moving ponies and riders on any day of the year, but especially at the weekends in the autumn and winter months.

Commoning children often start their pony catching training by helping mum or dad catch a mare and foal in the autumn. Colt hunting is often a family affair, with everyone playing their part whether riding or walking. Some families have been catching ponies together for generations.

The New Forest is a working Forest
Moss

The grazed lawns of the New Forest provide the perfect conditions for many species including mosses and lichens.

The ponies play a critical role in the management of the New Forest. The continual grazing by commoners animals over hundreds of years has ensured that many different species of flora and fauna continue to thrive here in the New Forest despite being nationally rare.

If you are lucky enough to spot commoners at work managing their animals in the Forest, you are witnessing a traditional practice which has gone unchanged in many ways for hundreds of years. However, as soon as you see fast moving animals, please find a safe place to stand quietly and watch and if you have a dog with you, put it on a lead for its safety. Always park in a car park and never park in front of a gate or barrier. The Forest that we all know and love is only the way it is because of the animals which graze it and those animals occasionally need catching.

How to report a problem

If you ever see a pony, cow, pig, sheep or donkey on the open Forest which you have concerns about please contact the Verderers during working hours  on 023 8028 2052.

Call Forestry England 0300 067 4600 at all other times.

For road traffic accidents call 999 in an emergency or 101 for non-emergencies.

Remember any accident involving a commoners’ animal must be reported as soon as possible, even when an animal looks unhurt as they may have internal injuries and must be checked by their owner and the Agister.

 

The Commoners Defence Association has come together with New Forest organisations to launch a new code to help protect our landscape, livestock and wildlife.

The New Forest code focuses on nine simple ways visitors and residents can help care for this unique place.

It has been put together by the New Forest National Park Authority with partners Forestry England, Verderers of the New Forest, the New Forest Commoners Defence Association, New Forest District Council and Go New Forest.

The nine ways to help are:

  • Keep your distance from the animals – don’t feed or touch them
  • Take home litter and dog waste
  • No fires or barbecues
  • Keep dogs under control. Don’t let dogs approach or chase any animals
  • Park only in car parks
  • No wild camping
  • Stick to the permitted cycle tracks
  • Drive with care – animals on the road!
  • Help wildlife by keeping to the main tracks

Download the New Forest code as an image

Download the New Forest code leaflet as a PDF

 

 

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